by Scott F. Aikin and Robert B. Talisse Skepticism is the view that knowledge is unattainable. It comes in varying strengths. In the strongest version, it is a thesis about all knowledge, the global denial that anyone has ever known anything. More...
Michael McCulloughThe shared project of self-government among political equals requires intellectual humility. We must stand ready 2 adjust, correct, & revise our judgments in light of new evidence. We must remain persuadable by others, & must avoid overplaying our views.
What we talk about when we talk about “cancellation.”
Michael McCulloughMy fave of @douthatnyt's 10 theses on Cancel Culture:
2 defend a liberal position in arguments re: cancellation, offer more than just an abstract defense of free speech; defend free speech 4 the sake of some important, true idea.
Keep your powder dry.
The most important variable in achieving herd immunity could be how people behave.
Michael McCulloughIf people's susceptibilities to COVID-19 infection & trans. are very heterogeneous, so that the most susceptible people (on avg) catch the virus before less susceptible people, it might be possible for us to acquire herd immunity at surprisingly low rates.
New Giving USA report shows strength of Americans' charitable support and provides baseline, context for current uncertain philanthropic environment CHICAGO
Michael McCulloughI know everything seems to suck right now, but I'd like to point out that charitable giving increased in 2019 by 2.8% adj. 4 inflation), and 4 virtually every kind of cause (incl. educ, health & hum svcs, & env/animal orgs).
Some (maybe most!) do care.
Some animals fake their body size by sounding 'bigger' than they actually are. Researchers studied 164 different mammals and found that animals who lower their voice to sound bigger are often skilled vocalists. Both strategies -- sounding bigger and...
Michael McCulloughMany animals use sounds 2 signal body size, but some have evolved ways 2 cheat (like Red Deer). Cheater species r also good at learning new sounds, which may select for changes in physiology that help them imitate the cool new sounds they've picked up.
"Sorry" can be more than a mere word when it has real-world consequences.
Michael McCulloughWe give apologies short shrift, dismissing them as cheap talk without realizing they're performative utterances that change reality while also describing it. They also raise the stakes--on pain of being viewed as a liar or sociopath for violating them.
Michael McCulloughThis piece by David Kenny, from @apa's Amer Psychologist, is a master class in the concept of validity.
Just 1 yr old, I've already returned to it several times.
Highly recommended if you're in the research racket.
If not, stay the hell away from it.
The partisanship of the Trump era has very deep roots.
Michael McCulloughLiberals & conservs are genetically different, but we don't have genes for politics. Genetic diffs in cog ability, fear of others, religiosity, & even enjoyment of ideas account for those genetic diffs in political allegiance.
The Trump administration has notified Congress and the United Nations that the United States is formally withdrawing from the World Health Organization, multiple officials tell CNN, a move that comes amid a rising number of coronavirus cases...
An influential 2005 study by Kosfeld et al. suggested that oxytocin increases trust in strangers. This registered replication study by some of the original authors found no effect of oxytocin on trusting behaviour under the same conditions.
Michael McCulloughMore on Oxytocin. OT researchers have taken a beating in recent yrs for relying on data exploration rather than hypothesis testing. Here's an exemplary effort to follow the rules that permit us to draw valid conclusions. Verdict: OT doesn't increase trust.