Climate change after ca 9550 BC allowed people to recolonize large parts of what is today the Sahara Desert. Excavations at Gebel Ramlah, a Neolithic site in Egypt's Western Desert, provided insights into ways of life of the Neolithic pastoralists.
In the Egyptian Western Desert, human occupation started as early as ca 9300 BC and continued until final desertification of the area ca 2500 BC. At Gebel Ramlah, the cattle/sheep/goat herders established their settlements around the shores of a paleo-lake