Some quotes: “The continuing misuse of null hypothesis significance testing in biological anthropology”
A lack of statistical significance does not entail statistical equivalence: p > .05 =\= “no difference” in population!
“The substantive hypothesis gets rejected for an event the hypothesis allows”
NHST as a “travesty of Popper’s views”
The continuing misuse of null hypothesis significance testing in biological anthropology - Smith - 2018 - American Journal of Physical Anthropology - Wiley Online Library
The yes-no decision procedure in NHST is “pre-scientific.” Ouch.
Except for unusual situations, such as a test of ESP, scientists use pre‐existing knowledge to formulate questions, and do not ask questions for which a zero effect is an interesting or plausible answer: a “disbelieved hypotheses one hopes to reject”