Fascinating data on qualified immunity from . The lead finding is regional variation. For example, the 5th Circuit grants QI 64% of the time, while the 9th only 42% of the time.
In an analysis of 435 federal district court rulings in excessive force cases from 2014 to 2018 in California and Texas, judges in Texas granted immunity to police at nearly twice the rate of California judges. investigates regional disparities: