Since we're talking , I really like this work by , , and Carlos Schmidt-Padilla, on the impact of imported US-based gangs on development in El Salvador.
"We find that individuals living under gang control have significantly less education, material wellbeing, and income than indivs living only 50 meters away but outside of gang territory." No diff in public goods provision, but indiv mobility shackled.
US exports gang violence to El Salvador. Individuals living under gang control have significantly less education, material wellbeing, and income than individuals living only 50 meters away but outside of gang territory.
A study of how two of the world’s largest gangs—MS-13 and 18th Street—affect economic development in El Salvador.
New : "Using a spatial regression discontinuity design, we find that individuals living under gang control have significantly less education, material wellbeing, and income than individuals living only 50 meters away but outside of gang territory”