Costs of hydrogen will become lower, but will it be low enough?
There is growing agreement that hydrogen has to play an import role in the energy transition. According to the latest EU climate strategy (see my earlier blog), we need to produce about 45 million …
Global carbon budgets – what is a fair share for the European Union?
By Kornelis Blok and Nicole van den Berg  The concept of a carbon budget has become very common since the appearance of the 5th assessment report of the IPCC . The idea is simple: if we wish …
The socio-political merit order and the new EU climate strategy
One of these days, a new European Commission will be installed. The European Commission is the executive arm of the European Union, responsible for developing strategies and proposing European legi…
Beware of the negative feedbacks for wind and solar
In the renewable energy world, there is quite some euphoria about the fall in cost for solar and wind installations. Then, why don’t we see an acceleration of the growth of these sources, but…
Solar and wind energy: how are countries doing?
Renewable energy policy is very much determined nationally, and therefore it makes sense to look at individual countries’ development rather than aggregate developments for the world. Develop…
exploring the energy transition